You can enjoy the taste of plump raspberries by planting them in your garden. Some varieties of these perennial plants live as long as15 years. Just a little bit of attention and proper care can lead you to get gorgeous berries every year.
You might be wondering about how long it takes for a raspberry plant to produce fruit.
When do raspberries produce fruit?
It takes two years for summer-bearing raspberry bushes to produce fruit. They send up canes every year that bear fruit in their second year. The everbearing bushes produce fruit both in their first and second year. The time raspberry plants take to produce fruits actually depends on the varieties.
The perennial roots of raspberries produce and send new canes every year. The canes are biennial as they live for only two years and then dry.
Some canes produce fruit both years while some can produce fruit only the second year of their lifetime. First-year canes are called primocanes, and the second-year canes go by the name – floricanes.
The canes of everbearing raspberries produce fruit twice in their lifetime. They can produce fruit on both primocanes and floricanes.
With this variety, you will get fruits for the first time during the fall of their first year, and the second time during the summer of their second year.
On the other hand, summer-bearing raspberries don’t produce any fruit in the first year. But they produce a big lot in the second year. This means summer-bearing raspberries can only produce fruits on the floricanes.
As a result, many gardeners suggest planting a mix of everbearing and summer-bearing raspberry bushes to get lots of berries every year.
Heritage raspberries are the everbearing type. They are a favorite to many because of the firm and flavorful berries they produce.
Just like any other everbearing raspberries, heritage raspberries have two seasons where they produce the fruits – a moderate yield during July and a heavy yield during September.
Heritage berries are popular for the size of the fruit. The dark red berries are very tasty. Also, the plant is self-fertile so it can spread quite fast. Since it is of an everbearing type, it can produce fruit the very first year after planting.
Things to know about raspberry fruiting:
There are certain things to know before planting the plant. Let’s get to know them.
The months of the year when raspberries produce fruit:
The months of the year when raspberries produce fruit depend on the variety of the plants.
Most black raspberries and some red and yellow ones are summer-bearing types where the plants produce fruit only the second year after planting.
Usually, summer-bearing raspberries produce fruit in early to midsummer which can be during June and July. Some summer-bearing raspberry examples are – Nova and Killarney.
Everbearing raspberries produce fruit even in the first year after planting. The first fruits of the plants grow on the tips of primocanes in the early fall or late summer.
The plants produce fruit again on the floricanes the following year in the summer. A good example of everbearing varieties is the heritage raspberries.
Frequency of fruit production each year:
Everbearing raspberries start producing fruit from the first year after planting and they can produce fruits twice every year. The first time is in summer and the second time during fall.
On the other hand, summer-bearing raspberry plants start producing fruit in their second year of planting and they can only produce fruit once every year. You will get berries from this variety during early summer.
Amount of raspberries produced from a tree each year:
You can get a lot of berries from just one raspberry bush. It can be several hundreds of raspberries every season. On average, a raspberry plant can produce 1 to 2 quarts of raspberries per year.
What causes my raspberries not to bear fruit?
There can be many reasons why your raspberry will not bear fruit. Let’s get to know them.
Pruning is an important part of the life of a raspberry plant. However, improper pruning can lead to a plant not bearing any fruit.
This happens when you accidentally prune the raspberry canes that are supposed to come into fruition in the upcoming season.
Both summer-bearing and everbearing raspberry canes produce fruits in the second year. Unlike summer-bearing canes, the everbearing canes produce fruits in the first year as well. If you accidentally prune the active canes that are supposed to bear fruit the next season, you will have no fruit.
Improper growing conditions:
The condition of the soil and the area where you planted the raspberry trees need to be ideal for them to bear fruit.
The soil needs to be properly fertilized, free of weeds, and have a healthy pH level. Also, lack of sunlight can deteriorate the condition of your trees.
Raspberry plants need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight every day. Similarly, improper watering can lead to bad conditions as well. The plant needs 1 inch of rain per week to keep growing healthily.
Presence of pests or disease:
If you’re done ensuring that your plants are getting enough sunlight and rain, the soil is perfectly fertile, and that you’re also pruning correctly, then there’s a high chance that they are being invaded by pests or diseases.
Some common pests or diseases that can affect raspberry plants are – crumble-berry viruses which are caused by tomato ringspot virus, raspberry leaf curl virus, raspberry bushy dwarf virus, and fungi like spur blight, grey mold, and anthracnose.
Pests like aphids, cane borers, crown borers, and Japanese beetles can harm the plants.
Tips for encouraging fruiting on raspberry:
To encourage the plant to grow fruit, you must make sure to follow a set of things. Let’s get to know them.
Planting the trees at a good time in a good place:
The best time for planting your raspberry trees is early spring and fall. This way, the plants get to establish their roots before the winter comes. You also need to choose a good spot where the plants will get adequate sunlight.
Also, keep space in between plants so the air circulates better. They need space for spreading as well as raspberry plants spread quite fast.
To promote the good harvesting of fruits, you can plant everbearing and summer-bearing raspberry plants in alternate rows.
Keeping the soil free of weeds:
It is important to keep the soil around your raspberry plants free of weeds as they can draw nutrients away.
Also, keep the area free from plant debris to mitigate the risks of various diseases. This will allow the plant to fruit beautifully with healthy berries.
Maintaining a healthy pH of the soil:
The pH of the soil needs to be slightly acidic to neutral for the raspberry plants to be in good health. It is good to do a soil test to maintain a healthy pH level which should be between 5.5 to 6.5.
If the pH is too low, you can add some lime to raise it. If it’s too high, add some sulfur to lower it. Don’t use too many fertilizers as they can ruin the health of the plants.
You should prune the summer-bearing raspberry canes right after harvesting the fruits.
You need to cut them back to the ground. For everbearing raspberry canes, you need to cut off the tips of the canes that produced fruit during the previous fall.
The bottom part will stay dormant until the next fruiting season. It is important to know the type of raspberry trees you planted to prune accordingly. If you don’t prune properly, you may lose the chance to enjoy fruit in the upcoming season.
Raspberry plants need adequate water to produce a healthy amount of berries every time. Instead of deep soaking at once, it is better to water the plants regularly.
You can grow a habit of watering early in the day so the plants can soak all the moisture before nighttime.
Providing structural support to the canes:
The canes of the raspberry plants can break when they get heavy due to carrying the berries. You can provide structural support to the canes by a trellis or wire fence.
How do I know if my raspberries will fruit?
Raspberry trees send up new canes to bear fruit every year. Depending on the type of cane and its growth, you can prepare for harvesting new raspberries.
If your plant has new canes, it means it is getting ready to produce fruit for the upcoming season. You need to make sure to take proper care of the plants and their surroundings to guarantee a healthy crop.
Also, you can determine the time of the fruition from the category of your plants. There is a specific timeline for both everbearing and summer-bearing raspberry bushes for producing fruit.
If a raspberry plant sends up healthy canes and looks healthy, it is most likely to produce beautiful berries in the upcoming season depending on its category.
Summer-bearing raspberry bushes produce fruit in their second year after planting. Everbearing raspberry bushes can produce fruit in their first year after planting. With proper care and little maintenance, you can enjoy beautiful raspberries every year for a long time.